Turkish rug art developed continuously between 13th and 20th centuries. Turkish rugs were richly documented in European paintings from 15th century onward, frequently mentioned in European inventories and other documents, and highly valued both as luxury rugs as work of art. For many, the terms “Anatolian rug” and “Turkish rug” are synonymous. Another bright age in Turkish rug art starts in 16th century. The most important group within this period are Oushak rugs. These Turkish rugs (Oushak) have become the rugs of first choice of many the top interior decorators, retail consumer and private collectors. Turkish rugs have very fine weave, soft texture and intricate details in the designs.
Carpet- rug weaving has probably been taking place in Turkey (mainly known as Anatolia) for at least as long as it has been in Persia (Iran). The Russian Pazyryk carpet (the earliest carpet we know in the world) may have been woven in Turkey.
During the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, carpets obviously made in Turkey (mainly from the city called Oushak from west of Anatolia, Central Anatolia – Konya, Bergama from northwest of Anatolia) appear continually in paintings by very famous artists. Indeed, they are so often used by Holbein as in his famous painting of Ambassadors in the National Gallery, London that these pieces, probably woven at Oushak. These rugs with original designs called Holbein carpets. One of the most Holbein design rug exhibit in Metropolitan of Art, New York. (gift of Joseph V. McMullan 1961)
There are approximately thirty different varieties of Turkish carpet. Some of them as Ak Hisser ( Akhisar ) , Bergama, Dimirrdji, Ghiorder ( Gordes ), Hereke, Kirsheir ( Kirsehir ), Kayseri, Konya, Kula, Ladik, Obruk, Karaman, Aksaray, Makri ( Meghri ), Melas, Mudjur ( Mucur ), Oushak, Sivas, Smyrna, Sparta, Yuruk, Malatya, Kagizman, Aydin
There are specific figures used in Anatolian Carpets and they have their own meanings for their weavers. Read More